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A combination of cilostazol and Ginkgo biloba extract protects against cisplatin-induced Cochleo-vestibular dysfunction by inhibiting the mitochondrial apoptotic and ERK pathways.

Authors
Tian, CJ | Kim, YJ | Kim, SW | Lim, HJ  | Kim, YS  | Choung, YH
Citation
Cell death & disease, 4. : e509-e509, 2013
Journal Title
Cell death & disease
ISSN
2041-4889
Abstract
Cisplatin (cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum; CDDP) is an anticancer drug that induces significant hearing loss and balance dysfunction as side effects. Cilostazol (CS, 6-[4-(1-cyclohexyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl) butoxy]-3, 4-dihydro-2-(1H)-quinolinone) has neuroprotective and antioxidant effects, whereas Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) has preventive effects on CDDP-induced hearing loss in rats, and GbE enhances the antiatherogenic effect of CS by inhibiting the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of renexin (RXN), which contains GbE and CS, against CDDP-induced cochleo-vestibular dysfunction in rats and to elucidate the mechanism underlying the protective effects of RXN on auditory cells. Rats intraperitoneally injected with CDDP exhibited an increase in hearing threshold and vestibular dysfunction, which agreed with hair cell damage in the Organ of Corti and otoliths. However, these impairments were significantly prevented in a dose-dependent manner by pre- and co-treatment with RXN, and these preventive effects in RXN-treated rats were more prominent than those in GbE-treated rats. In a CDDP pharmacokinetic study, platinum concentration was very similar between CDDP-only treated and RXN+CDDP cotreated rats. RXN markedly attenuated CDDP-induced intracellular ROS and significantly reduced CDDP-activated expression of p-extracellular regulated kinase (ERK), BAX, cytochrome c, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, but increased BCL-XL expression. These results show that RXN may have a synergistic effect by strongly protecting hearing and vestibular dysfunction induced by CDDP by inhibiting ROS production, mitochondrial pathways and the ERK pathway, without interfering with CDDP pharmacokinetics. Therefore, RXN could potentially be used to reduce CDDP-related hearing loss and dizziness.
MeSH

DOI
10.1038/cddis.2013.33
PMID
23429295
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
Ajou Authors
김, 유석  |  임, 혜진  |  정, 연훈
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