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AY4, an agonistic anti-death receptor 4 MAB, induces apoptotic cell death in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells via downregulation of Bcl-xL with reactive oxygen species generation.

Lee, BS  | Cha, HY | Shin, YS  | Kim, YS | Kim, CH
Endocrine-related cancer, 20(3). : 283-291, 2013
Journal Title
Endocrine-related cancer
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is an aggressive human tumor with a median survival of 6 months. We previously developed an agonistic anti-death receptor 4 MAB, AY4, and demonstrated the antitumor effects of AY4 in head and neck cancer cells. Presently, we show that ATC cells are sensitive to AY4 and that the sensitivity correlates with the reduced expression level of Bcl-xL and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. AY4 induced death of C-643, U-HTH 7, HTH83, and SW1736 cells. To elucidate the role of ROS generation in AY4-induced apoptosis of ATC cells, U-HTH 7 and SW1736 cells were pretreated with an antioxidant (N-acetyl cysteine, NAC) followed by AY4 treatment. The cell death was blocked by NAC. AY4-induced cell death was accompanied by the downregulation of the anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-xL (BCL2L1). To examine the link between the apoptotic response and Bcl-xL protein expression, U-HTH 7 cells were transfected with Bcl-xL plasmid. The consequence of the overexpression of Bcl-xL appeared to decrease AY4-mediated cell death by blocking ROS generation in U-HTH 7 cells. By contrast, Bcl-xL knockdown using small interfering RNA of Bcl-xL enhanced AY4 sensitivity in HTH83 and C-643 cells and rendered the cells sensitive to AY4-induced cell death. The results support the conclusion that the expression level of Bcl-xL is important in the AY4-induced apoptosis of ATC cells through ROS generation. AY4 may be a promising tool for ATC therapy.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
Ajou Authors
김, 철호  |  신, 유섭  |  이, 복순
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