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Identification of a GDF5 mutation in a Korean patient with brachydactyly type C without foot involvement.

Authors
Seo, SH; Park, MJ; Kim, SH; Kim, OH; Park, S; Cho, SI; Park, SS; Seong, MW
Citation
Annals of laboratory medicine, 33(2):150-152, 2013
Journal Title
Annals of laboratory medicine
ISSN
2234-38062234-3814
Abstract
Brachydactyly type C (BDC) is characterized by shortening of the middle phalanges of the index, middle, and little fingers. Hyperphalangy of the index and middle finger and shortening of the first metacarpal can also be observed. BDC is a rare genetic condition associated with the GDF5 gene, and this condition has not been confirmed by genetic analysis so far in the Korean population. Herein, we present a case of a 6-yr-old girl diagnosed with BDC confirmed by molecular genetic analysis. The patient presented with shortening of the second and third digits of both hands. Sequence analysis of the GDF5 gene was performed and the pathogenic mutation, c.1312C>T (p.Arg438Cys), was identified. Interestingly, this mutation was previously described in a patient who presented with the absence of the middle phalanges in the second through fifth toes. However, our patient showed no involvement of the feet. Considering intrafamilial and interfamilial variability, molecular analysis of isolated brachydactyly is warranted to elucidate the genetic origin and establish a diagnosis.
MeSH terms
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/*geneticsBrachydactyly/diagnosis/*geneticsChildDNA Mutational AnalysisFemaleFingers/anatomy & histologyGrowth Differentiation Factor 5/*geneticsHumansMutationRepublic of Korea
DOI
10.3343/alm.2013.33.2.150
PMID
23483675
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiology
AJOU Authors
김, 옥화
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