Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS [MIM 610883]) is a recently recognized microduplication syndrome associated with 17p11.2. It is characterized by mild facial dysmorphic features, hypermetropia, infantile hypotonia, failure to thrive, mental retardation, autistic spectrum disorders, behavioral abnormalities, sleep apnea, and cardiovascular anomalies. In several studies, the critical PTLS region was deduced to be 1.3Mb in length, and included RAI1 and 17 other genes. We report a 3-year-old Korean boy with the smallest duplication in 17p11.2 and a milder phenotype. He had no family history of neurologic disease or developmental delay and no history of seizure, autistic features, or behavior problems. He showed subtle facial dysmorphic features (dolichocephaly and a mildly asymmetric smile) and flat feet. All laboratory tests were normal and he had no evidence of internal organ anomalies. He was found to have mild intellectual disabilities (full scale IQ 65 on K-WPPSI) and language developmental delay (age of 2.2year-old on PRESS). Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) showed about a 0.25Mb microduplication on chromosome 17p11.2 containing four Refseq (NCBI reference sequence) genes, including RAI1 [arr 17p11.2(17,575,978-17,824,623)×3]. When compared with previously reported cases, the milder phenotype of our patient may be associated with the smallest duplication in 17p11.2, 0.25Mb in length.
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