A critical role of superoxide anion in selenite-induced mitophagic cell death.
Kim, EH; Choi, KS
Autophagy, 4(1):76-78, 2008
Mitochondria, which are a major source of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), are extremely vulnerable to oxidative stress. We recently reported that selenite treatment of various glioma cells induced a non-apoptotic cell death accompanied by excessive mitophagy (selective autophagy of damaged mitochondria). Examination of various ROS revealed that the superoxide anion played a key role in selenite-induced mitochondrial damage, mitophagy and cell death. Treatment with superoxide generators (diquat and paraquat) was sufficient to trigger mitophagy in glioma cells. Small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of ATG6 or ATG7 attenuated selenite-induced mitophagy and cell death, demonstrating that the mitophagic pathway contributes to selenite-induced cell death. The effect of selenite in glioma cells may thus provide an example of superoxide-mediated mitophagic cell death, i.e., cell death caused by excessive mitophagy.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,421,242
Total Download :1,022,079
Today View :874
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.