Feasibility of 1.6-MHz Probe for Detection of Cerebral Blood Flow in the Poor Temporal Window
불량측두창에서 대뇌혈류탐색을 위한 1.6-MHz 탐침의 유용성
안, 문경; 이, 진수; 홍, 지만
Taehan Sin'gyŏngkwa Hakhoe chi : sin'gyŏnghak, 32(1):8-13, 2014
Taehan Sin'gyŏngkwa Hakhoe chi : sin'gyŏnghak; Journal of the Korean Neurological Association : neurology
Background: The demographics of the stroke population consist mainly of elderly patients. Transcranial Doppler is an effective method for intracranial flow detection, but can be limited due to the poor temporal window (PTW), which is frequent in the elderly. Therefore, we investigated whether the low frequency 1.6-MHz probe can be useful to improve flow detection for PTW.
Methods: All 201 participants had a history of transient ischemic attack or minor ischemic stroke. Firstly, we analyzed the success rate of recording intracranial blood flow via temporal window by using 2.0-MHz (high frequency, HF) and 1.6-MHz (low frequency, LF) probes for a maximum of 10 minutes. Secondly, mean flow velocity (MFV) and pulsatile index (PI) of insonated spectrum of 25 patients with good temporal window were compared between the two probes.
Results: Seventy-eight patients were female and the mean age was 64.1±12.4 years. Among 402 windows, 125 (31.1%) were undetected when using the 2.0-MHz probe. Fifty-five patients were detected for the spectrum by the 1.6-MHz probe. However, 70 (17.4%) still remained as PTW. Between the two probes, there were no significant differences of variables from the middle cerebral arteries: MFVs (HF 61.0±14.1 vs. LF 61.3±14.8 cm/sec, p=0.403 in the right; HF 59.6±13.4 vs. LF 59.3±13.3 cm/sec, p=0.232 in the left) and PIs (HF 0.82±0.17 vs. LF 0.82±0.18, p=0.929 in the right; HF 0.82±0.20 vs. LF 0.83±0.17, p=0.605 in the left).
Conclusions: Conventional 2.0-MHz probe had relatively high proportion of PTW but 1.6- MHz probe was feasible to improve flow detection for PTW.
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