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Prevalence, Awareness, and Management of Obesity in Korea: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2011)

Authors
Kim, CS | Ko, SH | Kwon, HS | Kim, NH | Kim, JH | Lim, S | Choi, SH | Song, KH | Won, JC | Kim, DJ  | Cha, BY | Taskforce Team of Diabetes Fact Sheet of the Korean Diabetes Association
Citation
Diabetes & metabolism journal, 38(1). : 35-43, 2014
Journal Title
Diabetes & metabolism journal
ISSN
2233-60792233-6087
Abstract
Background: Obesity is a risk factor for diabetes and several cardiovascular diseases. This study was to investigate the trends in the prevalence, awareness, and management status of obesity among the Korean population for recent 13 years.



Methods: The prevalence, subjective awareness, and management of obesity were investigated in adults aged ≥19 years by using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 1998 to 2011.



Results: The number of participants was 8,117, 5,826, 5,500, 3,025, 6,756, 7,506, 6,255, and 6,155 in the KNHANES in years 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. The prevalence of obesity was 26.9%, 29.2%, 32.9%, 32.5%, 32.0%, 32.6%, 32.0%, and 32.0% in 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively, while the overall prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity increased by 1.19-fold and 1.24-fold respectively in 2011 compared against 2001. In general, a gradual increase in the prevalence of severe obesity has been observed as years go by. Furthermore, trends of improvements in obesity awareness and management rates were visible over the period of surveys.



Conclusions: Although the management status of obesity has improved during the recent years, more effective strategy to control obesity is needed.
Keywords
DOI
10.4093/dmj.2014.38.1.35
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Endocrinology & Metabolism
Ajou Authors
김, 대중
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