The effect of pore sizes on poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) scaffolds for annulus fibrosus tissue regeneration.
So, JW; Jang, JW; Kim, SH; Choi, JH; Rheev, JM; Min, BH; Khang, G
POLYMER(KOREA), 32(6):516-522, 2008
Biodegradable polymers have been used extensively as scaffolding materials to regenerate new tissues and the ingrowth of tissue have been reported to be dependent directly of the porosity, pore diameter, pore shape, and porous structure of the scaffold. In this study, porous poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) scaffolds with five different pore sizes were fabricated to investigate the effect of pore sizes for AF tissue regeneration. Cellular viability and proliferation were assayed by MTT test. Hydroxyproline/DNA content of AF cells on each scaffold was measured. sGAG analyses were performed at each time point of 2 and 6 weeks. Scaffold seeded AF cells were implanted into the back of athymic nude mouse to observe the difference of formation of disc-like tissue depending on pore size in vivo. We confirmed that scaffold with 180-250 μm pores displayed high cell viability in vitro and produced higher ECM than scaffold with other pore sizes in vivo.
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