Receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3 or RIPK3) is a central player in “programmed” or “regulated” necrotic cell death pathway. Here we show that programmed necrosis is activated in response to chemotherapeutic agents and contributes to chemotherapy-induced breast cancer cell death. However, we also show that RIP3 expression is silenced in basal like breast cancer cell lines due to DNA methylation near its transcription start site. Due to this silencing mechanism, loss of RIP3 expression in these cells leads to resistance to DNA damaging-agents. Hypomethylating agents restore RIP3 expression and promote sensitivity not only to death receptor ligands, but also to a surprising diversity of standard chemotherapeutic agents in a RIP3-specific manner. Our data indicates that RIP3-dependent breast cancer cell death is activated in response to DNA damaging-agents. This suggests that RIP3 plays a greater role in response to DNA damaging-agents than has been previously appreciated, we propose that hypomethylating agents, in combination with standard chemotherapy, may be useful in treating breast cancers that lack RIP3 expression.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :10,556,209
Total Download :4,436,868
Today View :1,870
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.