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Frequency of contact with non-cohabitating adult children and risk of depression in elderly: A community-based three-year longitudinal study in Korea
|dc.description.abstract||Purpose: Our study aimed to assess the longitudinal association of frequency of contact with non-cohabitating adult children and risk of depression in the elderly.
Method: Elderly aged ≥60 years were included from Living Profiles of Older People Survey(LPOPS) in Korea. The baseline assessment, Wave 1, was conducted in 2008, and follow-up assessment, Wave 2, was conducted in 2011. We included participants who completed both waves and excluded those who met the following criteria: no adult children, living with adult
children, cognitive impairment at either waves, and depression at baseline (n = 4398). We defined infrequent contact as <1 time per month face-to-face contact or <1 time per week phone contact and classified participants into four groups based on contact method and frequency. Depression was measured using the 15-item geriatric depression scales (SGDS-K).
Results: In multivariable logistic regression analysis, infrequent face-to-face and phone contact group had adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1.86 (95% CI, 1.44–2.42) when compared with frequent face-to-face and phone contact group. Frequent face-to-face contact with infrequent phone contact group and infrequent face-to-face contact with frequent phone contact group had adjusted OR of 1.49 (95% CI, 1.12–1.98) and 1.44 (95% CI, 1.15–1.80), respectively, when compared with frequent face-to-face and phone contact group.
Conclusion: These results propose that the risk of subsequent depression in elderly is associated with frequency of contact with non-cohabitating adult children. Moreover, the efficacy of face-to-face contact and that of phone contact were similar, while the group lacking both types of contact demonstrated the highest risk of depression.
TABLE OF CONTENTS iii
LIST OF FIGURES iv
LIST OF TABLES v
I. INTRODUCTIUON 1
II. MATERIALS AND METHODS 4
A. PARTICIPANTS 4
B. ASSESSMENT AND MEASUREMENTS 7
1. Depression 7
2. Frequency of contact 7
3. Other variables 10
C. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS 11
A. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PARTICIPANTS 12
B. LONGITUDINAL ASSOCIATION BETWEEN FREQUENCY OF CONTACT AT BASELINE AND RISK OF DEPRESSION AT FOLLOW UP 15
IV. DISCUSSION 17
V. CONCLUSION 22
|dc.title||Frequency of contact with non-cohabitating adult children and risk of depression in elderly: A community-based three-year longitudinal study in Korea||-|
|dc.title.alternative||비동거 자녀와의 연락 및 왕래 정도가 노인 우울증 발생에 미치는 영향||-|
|dc.subject.keyword||Frequency of contact||-|
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