Cited 0 times in Scipus Cited Count

p90 ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (RSK1) isoenzyme specifically regulates cytokinesis progression.

Authors
Nam, HJ | Lee, IJ  | Jang, S | Bae, CD | Kwak, SJ | Lee, JH
Citation
Cellular signalling, 26(2). : 208-219, 2014
Journal Title
Cellular signalling
ISSN
0898-65681873-3913
Abstract
The p90 ribosomal S6 kinase family (RSK1-4) of Ser/Thr kinases is a downstream component of the Ras-MAPK cascade responsible for regulating various cellular processes. Here, we examined the potential involvement of RSKs in regulating mitosis by transfecting HeLa cells with siRNAs targeting RSK1 and -2, which are the major isoforms. Depletion of RSK1 but not RSK2 triggered a significant accumulation of binucleated cells compared to control cells (0.5% vs. 10.5%, respectively); this was rescued by expression of exogenous RSK1 but not a kinase-defective mutant. Monitoring of cell division by time-lapse imaging revealed that the observed binucleation mainly stemmed from a failure to form and ingress the cleavage furrow during early cytokinesis. Immunocytochemical analysis of RhoA and anillin, the two principal regulators of cleavage furrow formation and ingression, showed that these proteins were abnormally localized during anaphase in RSK1-depleted cells. Furthermore, RSK1-depleted cells seemed to have impairments in midzone microtubule formation, as suggested by morphological changes and lengthening of the midzone (15.2 ± 1.7 μm vs. 17.4 ± 1.7 μm in control cells). We also observed shortening of the pole-to-polar-cortex distance in RSK1-depleted cells (4.30 ± 1.37 μm vs. 2.80 ± 0.84 μm in control cells) and scanty distribution of microtubules at the periphery of the equatorial region during anaphase, suggesting an aberrant distribution of astral microtubules. Taken together, these results suggest that RSK1 is specifically required for cleavage furrow formation and ingression during cytokinesis. This may occur via the involvement of RSK1 in proper midzone and astral microtubule structure formation during anaphase, which is essential for the correct localization of anillin and RhoA.
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.cellsig.2013.11.014
PMID
24269382
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Ajou Authors
이, 인정  |  이, 재호
Files in This Item:
Export

qrcode

해당 아이템을 이메일로 공유하기 원하시면 인증을 거치시기 바랍니다.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse