BACKGROUND: Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is an endotype of severe and eosinophilic adult asthma characterized by chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps and hypersensitivity to aspirin and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. A genetic contribution of dipeptidyl-peptidase 10 (DPP10) to asthma susceptibility and lung function decline has been reported. However, little is known about the role of DPP10 in the pathogenesis of AERD.
OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic variants of DPP10 that confer susceptibility to AERD or severe asthma.
METHODS: A case-control association study of DPP10 gene polymorphisms was performed in 3 groups of patients: 274 with AERD, 272 with aspirin-tolerant asthma, and 99 normal healthy controls. The rs17048175 single-nucleotide polymorphism was targeted based on a preliminary genomewide association study using an Affymetrix genomewide human single-nucleotide polymorphism array in a Korean population. DPP10, 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, and YKL-40/chitinase-3-like protein were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in sera taken from the study subjects.
RESULTS: There was a significant association between rs17048175 and the AERD phenotype, but not with aspirin-tolerant asthma. The DPP10 level was significantly higher in sera from patients with AERD compared with patients with aspirin-tolerant asthma and control subjects (P = .021 and P < .001, respectively). In addition, there was a significant difference of serum DPP10 level according to the single-nucleotide polymorphism (P = .001). Serum DPP10 level showed a strong correlation with 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (r = 0.226, P = .017) and YKL-40 (r = 0.364, P = .004).
CONCLUSION: This study suggests a genetic contribution of rs17048175 to DPP10 in eosinophilic inflammation induction in the airways and to AERD susceptibility.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :10,145,861
Total Download :4,243,895
Today View :2,590
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.