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Does background parenchymal enhancement on MRI affect the rate of positive resection margin in breast cancer patients?

Park, SY | Kang, DK  | Kim, TH
The British journal of radiology, 88(1046). : 20140638-20140638, 2015
Journal Title
The British journal of radiology
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether strong background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) would be a significant independent factor associated with positive resection margin in patients treated initially with breast-conserving surgery (BCS).

METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of breast MRI examinations of 314 patients with breast cancer was carried out. Breast cancer was histologically confirmed in all patients who underwent BCS from January 2008 to December 2010. BPE was dichotomized into weak (minimal or mild) and strong (moderate or marked) enhancement for statistical analysis. Histopathological features of attained specimens were evaluated by an experienced pathologist and were also dichotomized for statistical analysis.

RESULTS: On univariate analysis, positive extensive intraductal component (p < 0.001), strong BPE (p = 0.001) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positivity (p = 0.08) had significant association with positive surgical margin. Tumour size, axillary lymph node metastasis, nuclear grade, histological grade, lymphovascular invasion, oestrogen receptor and progesterone receptor did not show significant correlation with positive surgical margin. On multivariate analysis, the significant independent predictors were extensive intraductal component [odds ratio, 5.68; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.72-11.82] and strong BPE (odds ratio, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.20-4.78).

CONCLUSION: Strong BPE is a significant independent factor for positive resection margin along with positive extensive intraductal component, and performing MRI during the period of lower parenchymal enhancement is needed in patients with strong BPE.

ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: As far as we know, this is the first study to reveal that BPE is a significant independent factor associated with positive resection margin.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiology
Ajou Authors
강, 두경  |  김, 태희
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