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Safety and efficacy of the early introduction of everolimus with reduced-exposure cyclosporine a in de novo kidney recipients.

Authors
Oh, CK  | Huh, KH | Ha, J | Kim, YH | Kim, YL | Kim, YS
Citation
Transplantation, 99(1). : 180-186, 2015
Journal Title
Transplantation
ISSN
0041-13371534-6080
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Everolimus and cyclosporine A (CsA) exhibit synergistic immunosuppressive activity when used in combination. We examined the safety and efficacy of the use of everolimus with a cyclosporine-sparing strategy in de novo renal transplant recipients.

METHODS: A comparative, parallel, randomized, open-label 1-year study has been performed in 148 patients from five transplant centers to compare the efficacy and tolerability of everolimus and reduced exposure CsA (the investigational group) or enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium and standard-exposure CsA (the control group) in combination with basiliximab and steroids. The eligible subjects were randomly assigned at 1 month after transplantation. Efficacy failure (biopsy-proven acute rejection, death, graft loss, or loss to follow-up), safety, and renal function were evaluated.

RESULTS: One graft loss has been reported in the control group and no patient death were reported in either group. The incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection until 12 months after transplantation of the investigational group was 7.5%, compared to 11.1% of the control group (P=0.565). The mean estimated glomerular filtration rates of the investigational group at 12 months after transplantation was significantly higher (68.1 ± 16.8 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) than that of the control group (60.6 ± 15.8 ml/min/1.73 m(2); P=0.016). There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the incidence of discontinuations and serious adverse events between the groups.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study provide the evidences that (1) the calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) minimization by the introduction of everolimus after 1-month posttransplantation keeps the incidences of acute rejection and additional risks as low as the conventional immunosuppression; (2) it allows minimizing CNI exposure, consequently reducing CNI nephrotoxicity and preserving renal function.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01706471.
MeSH

DOI
10.1097/TP.0000000000000225
PMID
24983307
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
Ajou Authors
오, 창권
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