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Comparison of the Risk of Gastrointestinal Bleeding among Different Statin Exposures with Concomitant Administration of Warfarin: Electronic Health Record-Based Retrospective Cohort Study

Authors
Shin, D | Yoon, D  | Lim, SG  | Hong, JM  | Park, RW  | Lee, JS
Citation
PloS one, 11(7). : e0158130-e0158130, 2016
Journal Title
PloS one
ISSN
1932-6203
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients who should be treated with both warfarin and a statin are frequently seen in vascular clinics. The risk for bleeding and potential drug interactions should be considered when prescribing both medications together. This study aimed to compare the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding among different statin exposures with concomitant administration of warfarin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single-hospital retrospective cohort study. We included patients who were concomitantly exposed to one of four statins (pravastatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin) and warfarin for up to 2 years (730 days). The observation period ended when a gastrointestinal bleeding event occurred or the observation was censored. Within-class comparisons were used, and 1:1 matching using a propensity score was performed for comparisons between each statin and all of the other statins. Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were conducted to determine associations with the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. RESULTS: Data were analyzed for 1,686 patients who were concomitantly administered a statin and warfarin. Log-rank tests for the gastrointestinal bleeding-free survival rate showed that the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding was significantly lower in the pravastatin group (p = 0.0499) and higher in the rosuvastatin group (p = 0.009). In the Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, the hazard ratio of 5.394 for gastrointestinal bleeding based on statin exposure in the rosuvastatin group was significant (95% confidence interval, 1.168-24.916). CONCLUSIONS: There was a relatively high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding with rosuvastatin when administered concomitantly with warfarin.
MeSH

DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0158130
PMID
27386858
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
Ajou Authors
박, 래웅  |  윤, 덕용  |  이, 진수  |  임, 선교  |  홍, 지만
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