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Epithelial-mesenchymal interaction during photodynamic therapy-induced photorejuvenation

Authors
Kim, SK  | Koo, GB | Kim, YS  | Kim, YC
Citation
Archives of dermatological research, 308(7). : 493-501, 2016
Journal Title
Archives of dermatological research
ISSN
0340-36961432-069X
Abstract
Recently, several clinical studies reported that the photodynamic therapy (PDT) has photorejuvenation effects on the aged skin. Previously, our group introduced evidence of direct effect of PDT on cultured fibroblast (FB). PDT directly stimulated FBs and induced collagen synthesis through activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase. In this study, we investigated indirect effect of PDT on the human dermal FB during photorejuvenation focused on the epithelial-mesenchymal interaction between keratinocyte (KC) and FB. The "low-level PDT" condition was used for PDT therapy to the cultured KC. Various kinds of cytokines in the supernatants of KC were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. FBs were stimulated with the KC-conditioned medium (KCM) taken after PDT. The mRNA level of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and collagen type Ialpha in the FB, was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Clinical phtorejuvenation effect was also evaluated from nine patients who had PDT to treat actinic keratoses. Among the FB-stimulating cytokines, a significant elevation of interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha level in KCM was noted after PDT compared with controls. After stimulating FB with KCM, the mRNA of MMP-1 was decreased and the mRNA of collagen type Ialpha was increased compare to control. Clinically, fine wrinkles significantly reduced after PDT. However, coarse wrinkles were not recovered significantly. In conclusion, increased collagen synthesis may be mediated not only by direct effect of PDT on FB but also by indirect effect of PDT on FB through cytokines from KC, such as IL-1alpha, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
MeSH

DOI
10.1007/s00403-016-1666-3
PMID
27383261
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Dermatology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Ajou Authors
김, 수경  |  김, 유선  |  김, 유찬
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