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Risk factors of avascular necrosis of the femoral head and fixation failure in patients with valgus angulated femoral neck fractures over the age of 50 years

Authors
Song, HK  | Choi, HJ | Yang, KH
Citation
Injury, 47(12). : 2743-2748, 2016
Journal Title
Injury
ISSN
0020-13831879-0267
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to identify the risk factors for avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN) and fixation failure (FF) after screw osteosynthesis in patients with valgus angulated femoral neck fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 308 patients (mean age, 72.5 years, range, 50-97 years), with a mean follow-up of 21.4 months (range, 12-64 months). The risk for failure in treatment (FIT) associated with patient- and fracture-related factors was evaluated by logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: FIT was identified in 32 cases (10.3%): 22 cases (7.1%) of AVN and 10 cases (3.2%) of FF. Initial valgus tilt>15 degrees (p=0.023), posterior tilt>15 degrees (p=0.012), and screw sliding distance (p=0.037) were significantly associated with FIT. FIT occurred in 7 patients (5.2%) with B1.2.1 fractures and 17 patients (48.6%) with B1.1.2 fractures (p<0.001). The odds of FIT were 17-fold higher in patients with initial valgus and posterior tilts>15 degrees (B1.1.2) compared to patients with <15 degrees of tilt in both planes (B1.2.1). CONCLUSION: The severity of initial deformity predicts AVN and FF in patients with valgus angulated femoral neck fractures. Patients with an initial valgus and posterior tilt>15 degrees are reasonable candidates for primary arthroplasty due to high risk of FIT.
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.injury.2016.10.022
PMID
27793326
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Orthopedic Surgery
Ajou Authors
송, 형근
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