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Tissue-engineered artificial oesophagus patch using three-dimensionally printed polycaprolactone with mesenchymal stem cells: a preliminary report

Authors
Park, SY  | Choi, JW | Park, JK | Song, EH | Park, SA | Kim, YS | Shin, YS  | Kim, CH
Citation
Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery, 22(6). : 712-717, 2016
Journal Title
Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
ISSN
1569-92931569-9285
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: There has been a recent focus on 3D printing with regard to tissue engineering. We evaluated the efficacy of a 3D-printed (3DP) scaffold coated with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded in fibrin for the repair of partial oesophageal defects. METHODS: MSCs from rabbit bone marrow were cultured, and a 3DP polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold was coated with the MSCs seeded in fibrin. The fibrin/MSC-coated 3DP PCL scaffold was implanted on a 5 x 10 mm artificial oesophageal defect in three rabbits (3DP/MSC group) and 3DP PCL-only scaffolds were implanted in three rabbits (3DP-only group). Three weeks post-procedure, the implanted sites were evaluated radiologically and histologically. RESULTS: None of the rabbits showed any infection, stenosis or granulation on computed tomography. In the 3DP/MSC group, the replaced scaffolds were completely covered with regenerating mucosal epithelium and smooth muscle cells as determined by haematoxylin and eosin and Desmin staining. However, mucosal epithelium and smooth muscle cell regeneration was not evident in the 3DP-only group. CONCLUSIONS: Use of the 3DP scaffold coated with MSCs seeded in fibrin resulted in successful restoration of the shape and histology of the cervical oesophagus without any graft rejection: thus, this is a promising material for use as an artificial oesophagus.
MeSH

DOI
10.1093/icvts/ivw048
PMID
26969739
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
Ajou Authors
김, 철호  |  박, 성용  |  신, 유섭
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