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Tolfenamic Acid Inhibits the Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Involvement of p38-Mediated Down-Regulation of Slug

Authors
Jittreetat, T | Shin, YS  | Hwang, HS | Lee, BS  | Kim, YS  | Sannikorn, P | Kim, CH
Citation
Yonsei medical journal, 57(3). : 588-598, 2016
Journal Title
Yonsei medical journal
ISSN
0513-57961976-2437
Abstract
PURPOSE: Tolfenamic acid (TA), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is known to exhibit antitumor effects in various cancers apart from nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). NPC exhibits high invasiveness, as well as metastatic potential, and patients continue to suffer from residual, recurrent, or metastatic disease even after chemoradiation therapy. Therefore, new treatment strategies are needed for NPC. In this study, we investigated the efficacy and molecular mechanisms of TA in NPC treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TA-induced cell death was detected by cell viability assay in the NPC cell lines, HNE1 and HONE1. Wound healing assay, invasion assay, and Western blot analysis were used to evaluate the antitumor effects of TA in NPC cell lines. RESULTS: Treatment with TA suppressed the migration and invasion of HNE1 and HONE1 cells. Hepatocyte growth factor enhanced the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of NPC cells. This enhancement was successfully inhibited by TA treatment. Treatment with TA increased phosphorylation of p38, and the inhibition of p38 with SB203580 reversed the cytotoxic, anti-invasive, and anti-migratory effects of TA treatment in NPC cell lines. Moreover, inhibition of p38 also reversed the decrease in expression of Slug that was induced by TA treatment. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the activation of p38 plays a role in mediating TA-induced cytotoxicity and inhibition of invasion and migration via down-regulation of Slug.
MeSH

DOI
10.3349/ymj.2016.57.3.588
PMID
26996556
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Otolaryngology
Ajou Authors
김, 연수  |  김, 철호  |  신, 유섭  |  이, 복순
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