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Analgesic Effects of Ultrasound-Guided Serratus-Intercostal Plane Block and Ultrasound-Guided Intermediate Cervical Plexus Block After Single-Incision Transaxillary Robotic Thyroidectomy: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial

Authors
Kim, JS  | Lee, J  | Soh, EY  | Ahn, H | Oh, SE | Lee, JD | Joe, HB
Citation
Regional anesthesia and pain medicine, 41(5). : 584-588, 2016
Journal Title
Regional anesthesia and pain medicine
ISSN
1098-73391532-8651
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Single-incision transaxillary robotic thyroidectomy (START) requires substantial tissue disruption, which produces moderate-to-severe pain in the axilla and neck areas during the early postoperative period. This study aimed to investigate the analgesic effects of ultrasound-guided serratus-intercostal plane blocks and intermediate cervical plexus blocks (CPBs) on the early postoperative pain after START. METHODS: We randomized 22 patients to undergo either ultrasound-guided serratus-intercostal plane and intermediate CPBs (the block group, n = 11) or to not undergo any block (the control group, n = 11). We compared postoperative axillary pain, postoperative neck pain, and analgesic use between the groups during the first 24 hours. The rescue analgesics were intravenous fentanyl (0.5 mug/kg) in the postanesthesia care unit, and intravenous ketorolac tromethamine (30 mg) in the general ward. RESULTS: The block group showed consistently lower pain scores than the control group in the axillary area in the first 24 hours and in the neck area only in the first 3 hours after surgery. The numbers (proportions) of patients who required analgesics were 11 (100%) in the control group and 6 (54.5%) in the block group during the first 24 hours (P = 0.035). No adverse effect was observed related to the peripheral nerve blocks. CONCLUSIONS: After START, a serratus-intercostal plane block performed at the level of the third rib was an effective analgesic technique for axillary pain: however, the clinical effectiveness of intermediate CPB for neck pain may be limited.
MeSH

DOI
10.1097/AAP.0000000000000430
PMID
27380104
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
Ajou Authors
김, 진수  |  소, 의영  |  이, 정훈  |  조, 한범
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