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Effectiveness of Surgical Release in Patients With Neglected Congenital Muscular Torticollis According to Age at the Time of Surgery

Authors
Min, KJ | Ahn, AR | Park, EJ  | Yim, SY
Citation
Annals of rehabilitation medicine, 40(1). : 34-42, 2016
Journal Title
Annals of rehabilitation medicine
ISSN
2234-06452234-0653
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To identify the correlation between change in spinal deformities after surgical release and age at the time of surgery, and the effectiveness of surgical release in patients with neglected congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 46 subjects with neglected CMT who had undergone surgical release at age >/=5 years at a tertiary medical center between January 2009 and January 2014. Spinal deformities were measured on anteroposterior plain radiographs of the cervical and whole spine, both preoperatively and postoperatively, to assess 3 parameters: cervicomandibular angle (CMA), lateral shift (LS), and Cobb angle (CA). We analyzed the change in spinal deformities after surgical release in consideration of age at the time of surgery. RESULTS: The median age at the time of surgery was 12.87 years. All 3 parameters showed significant improvement after surgical release (median values, pre- to post-surgery: CMA, 12.13 degrees to 4.02 degrees : LS, 18.13 mm to 13.55 mm: CA, 6.10 degrees to 4.80 degrees : all p<0.05). There was no significant correlation between age at the time of surgery and change in CMA (R=0.145, p=0.341) and LS (R=0.103, p=0.608). However, CA showed significant improvement with increasing age (R=0.150, p=0.046). CONCLUSION: We assessed the correlation between change in spinal deformities after surgical release and age at the time of surgery. We found that that surgical release is effective for spinal deformities, even in older patients. These findings enhance our understanding of the effectiveness and timing of surgical release in patients with neglected CMT.
Keywords
DOI
10.5535/arm.2016.40.1.34
PMID
26949667
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Ajou Authors
박, 은지  |  임, 신영
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