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Capsule-Preserving Hydrodilatation With Corticosteroid Versus Corticosteroid Injection Alone in Refractory Adhesive Capsulitis of Shoulder: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Lee, DH  | Yoon, SH  | Lee, MY | Kwack, KS  | Rah, UW
Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 98(5). : 815-821, 2017
Journal Title
Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether capsule-preserved hydrodilatation with corticosteroid improves pain and function in patients with refractory adhesive capsulitis (AC) better than intra-articular corticosteroid injection (IACI) alone.
DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study.
SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary care hospital.
PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with primary AC (N=64) with shoulder pain level of visual analog scale (VAS) score >/=5, even after the initial administration of IACI alone.
INTERVENTIONS: Participants randomly received ultrasound-guided IACI alone with 1mL of 40mg/mL triamcinolone acetonide and 3mL of 1% lidocaine (n=32) or ultrasound-guided capsule-preserved hydrodilatation with corticosteroid with a mixture of 1mL of 40mg/mL triamcinolone acetonide, 6mL of 1% lidocaine, and normative saline (n=32).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index score. Secondary outcomes were the VAS of shoulder pain level and angles of shoulder passive range of motion, including flexion, abduction, extension, external rotation, and internal rotation at pretreatment and weeks 3, 6, and 12 of posttreatment.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of demographic characteristics (age, sex, duration of symptoms, shoulder affected, and body mass index) at baseline. Repeated-measures analysis of variance showed significant effect of time in all outcome measurements in both groups. However, group-by-time interactions were not significantly different for any of the outcomes between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that compared with pretreatment, all outcome measures improved significantly in both groups by time: however, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups. Therefore, we recommend IACI alone over capsule-preserved hydrodilatation with corticosteroid when considering the corticosteroid injection as a secondary option after the initial IACI fails to improve symptoms for patients with refractory AC.

Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Orthopedic Surgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiology
Ajou Authors
곽, 규성  |  나, 은우  |  윤, 승현  |  이, 두형
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