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Influence of personality on depression, burden, and health-related quality of life in family caregivers of persons with dementia

Kim, SK | Park, M | Lee, Y  | Choi, SH | Moon, SY  | Seo, SW | Park, KW | Ku, BD | Han, HJ | Park, KH | Han, SH | Kim, EJ | Lee, JH | Park, SA | Shim, YS | Kim, JH | Hong, CH  | Na, DL | Ye, BS | Kim, HJ | Moon, Y
International psychogeriatrics, 29(2). : 227-237, 2017
Journal Title
International psychogeriatrics
BACKGROUND: Personality may predispose family caregivers to experience caregiving differently in similar situations and influence the outcomes of caregiving. A limited body of research has examined the role of some personality traits for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) in relation to burden and depression.
METHODS: Data from a large clinic-based national study in South Korea, the Caregivers of Alzheimer's Disease Research (CARE), were analyzed (N = 476). Path analysis was performed to explore the association between family caregivers' personality traits and HRQoL. With depression and burden as mediating factors, direct and indirect associations between five personality traits and HRQoL of family caregivers were examined.
RESULTS: Results demonstrated the mediating role of caregiver burden and depression in linking two personality traits (neuroticism and extraversion) and HRQoL. Neuroticism and extraversion directly and indirectly influenced the mental HRQoL of caregivers. Neuroticism and extraversion only indirectly influenced their physical HRQoL. Neuroticism increased the caregiver's depression, whereas extraversion decreased it. Neuroticism only was mediated by burden to influence depression and mental and physical HRQoL.
CONCLUSIONS: Personality traits can influence caregiving outcomes and be viewed as an individual resource of the caregiver. A family caregiver's personality characteristics need to be assessed for tailoring support programs to get the optimal benefits from caregiver interventions.

Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
Ajou Authors
문, 소영  |  이, 윤환  |  홍, 창형
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