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The characteristics of chronic pain after non-traumatic, non-compressive myelopathy: Focus on neuropathic pain

Eom, YI | Kim, M | Joo, IS
The journal of spinal cord medicine, 40(3). : 268-274, 2017
Journal Title
The journal of spinal cord medicine
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of neuropathic pain after non-traumatic, non-compressive (NTNC) myelopathy and find potential predictors for neuropathic pain.
DESIGN: We analyzed 54 patients with NTNC myelopathy. The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) were used to assess pain. Health-related QOL was evaluated by the Short Form 36-item (SF-36) health survey.
RESULTS: Out of 48 patients with pain, 16 (33.3%) patients experienced neuropathic pain. Mean age was significantly lower in patients with neuropathic pain than in patients with non-neuropathic pain (39.1 +/- 12.5 vs. 49.8 +/- 9.3, P = 0.002). There were no statistically significant differences in the other variables including sex, etiology of myelopathy, pain and QOL scores between the two groups. A binary logistic regression revealed that onset age under 40, and non-idiopathic etiology were independent predictors of the occurrence of neuropathic pain. Both SF-MPQ and LANSS scores were significantly correlated with SF-36 scores, adjusted by age, sex, presence of diabetes mellitus, and current EDSS scores (r = -0.624, P < 0.0001 for SF-MPQ: r = -0.357, P = 0.017 for LANSS).
CONCLUSION: Neuropathic pain must be one of serious complications in patients with NTNC myelopathy and also affects their quality of life. Onset age and etiology of myelopathy are important factors in the development of neuropathic pain in NTNC myelopathy.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
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