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Standard-based comprehensive detection of adverse drug reaction signals from nursing statements and laboratory results in electronic health records

Authors
Lee, S; Choi, J; Kim, HS; Kim, GJ; Lee, KH; Park, CH; Han, J; Yoon, D; Park, MY; Park, RW; Kang, HR; Kim, JH
Citation
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, 24(4):697-708, 2017
Journal Title
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
ISSN
1067-50271527-974X
Abstract
Objective: We propose 2 Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities-enabled pharmacovigilance algorithms, MetaLAB and MetaNurse, powered by a per-year meta-analysis technique and improved subject sampling strategy.
Matrials and methods: This study developed 2 novel algorithms, MetaLAB for laboratory abnormalities and MetaNurse for standard nursing statements, as significantly improved versions of our previous electronic health record (EHR)-based pharmacovigilance method, called CLEAR. Adverse drug reaction (ADR) signals from 117 laboratory abnormalities and 1357 standard nursing statements for all precautionary drugs ( n = 101) were comprehensively detected and validated against SIDER (Side Effect Resource) by MetaLAB and MetaNurse against 11 817 and 76 457 drug-ADR pairs, respectively.
Results: We demonstrate that MetaLAB (area under the curve, AUC = 0.61 +/- 0.18) outperformed CLEAR (AUC = 0.55 +/- 0.06) when we applied the same 470 drug-event pairs as the gold standard, as in our previous research. Receiver operating characteristic curves for 101 precautionary terms in the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities Preferred Terms were obtained for MetaLAB and MetaNurse (0.69 +/- 0.11: 0.62 +/- 0.07), which complemented each other in terms of ADR signal coverage. Novel ADR signals discovered by MetaLAB and MetaNurse were successfully validated against spontaneous reports in the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System database.
Discussion: The present study demonstrates the symbiosis of laboratory test results and nursing statements for ADR signal detection in terms of their system organ class coverage and performance profiles.
Conclusion: Systematic discovery and evaluation of the wide spectrum of ADR signals using standard-based observational electronic health record data across many institutions will affect drug development and use, as well as postmarketing surveillance and regulation.
MeSH terms
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems*Algorithms*Area Under CurveClinical Laboratory Information Systems*Electronic Health RecordsHumansNursing Records*Pharmacovigilance*ROC Curve
DOI
10.1093/jamia/ocw168
PMID
28087585
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Informatics
AJOU Authors
윤, 덕용박, 래웅
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