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Genetic and Non-Genetic Factors Affecting the Quality of Anticoagulation Control and Vascular Events in Atrial Fibrillation

Park, YK | Lee, MJ | Kim, JH | Lee, JS  | Park, RW  | Kim, GM | Chung, CS | Lee, KH | Kim, JS | Lee, SY | Bang, OY
Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases, 26(6). : 1383-1390, 2017
Journal Title
Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases
BACKGROUND: Warfarin has a narrow therapeutic window. We hypothesized that genetic factors related to warfarin metabolism (CYP2C9) and activity (VKORC1) would show stronger associations than modifiable factors with the quality of anticoagulation control and risks for thromboembolism and hemorrhage.
METHODS: In this retrospective cohort analysis, clinical and genetic data were collected from 380 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who were followed for an average observation period of 4 years. We evaluated the factors associated with time in therapeutic range (TTR, international normalized ratio [INR]: 2-3) and vascular events (either thromboembolic or hemorrhagic), including both genetic (CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotype) and modifiable factors (anticoagulation service and warfarin dose assessment interval).
RESULTS: The genotypic frequency of CYP2C9*3 (rs1057910) was 9.5% and that of VKORC1 1173C>T (rs9934438) was 16.3%. TTR showed dependence on VKORC1 polymorphism: TTR was higher in carriers of the VKORC1 1173C>T than of the VKORC1 TT genotype (61.7 +/- 16.0% versus 56.7 +/- 17.4%, P = .031). Multivariate testing showed that the VKORC1 genotype and anticoagulation service were independently related to labile INRs (TTR <65%). Vascular events were observed in 66 patients (18.4%) during the study period. A Cox proportional hazard model showed that the use of anticoagulation service and patients' characteristics, such as AF-thromboembolic risk (CHA2DS2-VASc score: Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age 75 years or older, Diabetes mellitus, previous Stroke or transient ischemic attack, Vascular disease, Age 65 to 74 years, female) and consequence (neurologic disability), but not genetic factors, were independently associated with vascular events.
CONCLUSIONS: Both genetic factor (VKORC1 genotype) and clinical efforts (anticoagulation service) influenced the quality of anticoagulation control. However, clinical events were more strongly associated with patient characteristics and clinical efforts than with genetic factors.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
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박, 래웅  |  이, 진수
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