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Hanging Hepato-Atrial Anastomosis in Deceased-Donor Liver Transplantation for Budd-Chiari Syndrome With Extensive Vena Cava Obliteration: A Case Report

Hong, SY  | Kim, BW  | Wang, HJ  | Kim, IG  | Hu, XG
Transplantation proceedings, 49(10). : 2395-2398, 2017
Journal Title
Transplantation proceedings
INTRODUCTION: Although outcomes of liver transplantation (LT) have improved as the result of progress in surgical procedures, a failure to restore sufficient graft outflow may yield fatal consequences including graft dysfunction and even graft loss to date. In particular, patients with pre-existing obliterated venous drainage, such as those with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), are at high risk of having venous complications followed by conventional LT. In selected cases, the transplant surgeons are compelled to modify the surgical procedures of LT from the conventional procedure.
METHODS: We describe an LT performed in a BCS patient with complete inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction. A procedure that we named "hanging hepato-atrial anastomosis" was performed, in which 2 major modifications were made. One modification was the dissection of the lower inlet of the right atrium by use of a trans-abdominal approach and hepato-atrial anastomosis. This was performed by exposing the thoracic IVC through a trans-abdominal approach. The other modification was the manufacture of a blind pouch from the graft's infra-hepatic IVC without anastomosis.
RESULTS: Modifications were made possible as the result of meticulous examination of the patient's vascular anatomy before the operation. Fortunately, the patient had a heavy network of pre-vertebral veins that drained blood from the lower extremity and both kidneys to the azygos-hemi-azygos veins.
CONCLUSIONS: We learned that a meticulous assessment of vascular anatomy and complete understanding of hemodynamics are the keys to the successful LT for BCS in patients with extensive IVC abnormality. Thoracotomy may not be necessary to explore thoracic IVC when performing hepato-atrial anastomosis in LT for BCS.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
Ajou Authors
김, 봉완  |  김, 인규  |  왕, 희정  |  호, 석광  |  홍, 성연
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