Impact of Maternal Nutrition Management During Pregnancy on Perinatal Outcome, in One of the Pilot area of Gyeonggi-do Province
경기도시범지역 내 산모의 임신 중 영양관리가 주산기 결과에 미치는 영향
Lee, SJ; Koo, KA; Kim, DH; Hwang, MO; Sohn, CY; Park, YK; Yang, JI
Journal of the Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health, 21(1):75-85, 2017
Journal of the Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health; 한국모자보건학회지
Purpose: Proper management of nutrition or health care for pregnant women is known to have better perinatal outcomes for maternal and neonatal health. In this study, we investigated the effect of regular medical and nutritional counseling provided to pregnant women for improved-results for mother and neonates. Methods: Thirty-five pregnant women participated in the study and received information on nutrition management via telephone or e-mail every four weeks until childbirth. The nutrition management program comprised proper diet, low-salt diet, low-sugar diet, breast-feeding preparation, and provision of a healthy menu according to their pregnancy trimesters. We categorized them by their degree of participation into a "low participation group" that formed the control group, and a "high participation group" as the study group. Results: No significant differences were found in maternal age, and body mass index between the two groups at the time of enrollment in the study. Post-natal exclusive breast feeding rate was significantly higher in the high participation group (62%) than in the low participation group (32%) (p<0.05). In the neonatal results, gestational age at birth and neonatal birth weight were significantly higher in the high participation group than in the low participation group (p<0.05). Neonatal complication rate, neonatal admission rate to intensive care unit, rate of low birth weight, Apgar score at 1 and 5 minutes, as well as the rate of transient tachypnea were higher in the low participation group, but lacked any statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Collaborative nutrition management with obstetricians and nutritionists is helpful in achieving better perinatal outcomes.
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