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Expression of Disabled 1 suppresses astroglial differentiation in neural stem cells.

Authors
Kwon, IS | Cho, SK | Kim, MJ | Tsai, MJ | Mitsuda, N | Suh-Kim, H  | Lee, YD
Citation
Molecular and cellular neurosciences, 40(1). : 50-61, 2009
Journal Title
Molecular and cellular neurosciences
ISSN
1044-74311095-9327
Abstract
Disabled 1 (Dab1), a cytoplasmic adaptor protein expressed predominantly in the CNS, transduces a Reelin-initiated signaling that controls neuronal migration and positioning during brain development. To determine the role of Dab1 in neural stem cell (NSC) differentiation, we established a culture of neurospheres derived from the embryonic forebrain of the Dab1(-/-) mice, yotari. Differentiating Dab1(-/-) neurospheres exhibited a higher expression of GFAP, an astrocytic marker, at the expense of neuronal markers. Under Dab1-deficient condition, the expression of NeuroD, a transcription factor for neuronal differentiation, was decreased and the JAK-STAT pathway was evidently increased during differentiation of NSC, suggesting the possible involvement of Dab1 in astrocyte differentiation via JAK-STAT pathway. Notably, expression of neural and glial markers and the level of JAK-STAT signaling molecules were not changed in differentiating NSC by Reelin treatment, indicating that differentiation of NSC is Reelin-independent. Immunohistochemical analyses showed a decrease in the number of neurons and an increase in the number of GFAP-positive cells in developing yotari brains. Our results suggest that Dab1 participates in the differentiation of NSCs into a specific cell lineage, thereby maintaining a balance between neurogenesis and gliogenesis.
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.mcn.2008.08.012
PMID
18848628
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anatomy
Ajou Authors
서, 해영  |  이, 영돈
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