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Concurrent TSHR mutations and DIO2 T92A polymorphism result in abnormal thyroid hormone metabolism

Authors
Park, E  | Jung, J | Araki, O | Tsunekawa, K | Park, SY | Kim, J  | Murakami, M | Jeong, SY  | Lee, S
Citation
Scientific reports, 8(1). : 10090-10090, 2018
Journal Title
Scientific reports
ISSN
2045-2322
Abstract
Deiodinase 2 (DIO2) plays an important role in thyroid hormone metabolism and its regulation. However, molecular mechanism that regulates DIO2 activity remains unclear: only mutaions in selenocysteine insertion sequence binding protein 2 and selenocysteine tranfer RNA (tRNA([Ser]Sec)) are reported to result in decreased DIO2 activity. Two patients with clinical evidence of abnormal thyroid hormone metabolism were identified and found to have TSHR mutations as well as DIO2 T92A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). Primary-cultured fibroblasts from one patient present a high level of basal DIO2 enzymatic activity, possibly due to compensation by augmented DIO2 expression. However, this high enzymatic active state yet fails to respond to accelerating TSH. Consequently, TSHR mutations along with DIO2 T92A SNP ("double hit") may lead to a significant reduction in DIO2 activity stimulated by TSH, and thereby may have clinical relevance in a select population of hypothyroidism patients who might benefit from a T3/T4 combination therapy.
DOI
10.1038/s41598-018-28480-0
PMID
29973617
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Medical Genetics
Ajou Authors
김, 정현  |  박, 은국  |  정, 선용
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