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Cancer risk after renal transplantation in South Korea: a nationwide population-based study

Authors
Heo, J | Noh, OK  | Oh, YT  | Chun, M  | Kim, L
Citation
BMC nephrology, 19(1). : 311-311, 2018
Journal Title
BMC nephrology
ISSN
1471-2369
Abstract
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate patterns of posttransplant malignancies among renal transplant recipients (RTRs) in South Korea using nationwide data.
METHODS: The nationwide cohort assessed in this study included RTRs from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014. We analyzed cancer incidence during the time course after renal transplantation. Additionally, we calculated standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) to evaluate the risk of malignancies in RTRs.
RESULTS: A total of 1343 RTRs (871 males and 472 females, mean age 48.5 +/- 11.6 years) were assessed. Among them, 104 (7.7%) developed malignancies after transplantation, most commonly in the thyroid cancer (23.1%). The SIR for all cancers was 3.54: particularly, the SIRs for renal cancer, myeloma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma were 16.31, 24.02, and 28.64, respectively. Females showed a higher risk of malignancy than males (SIRs: 4.04 for women and 3.26 for men). The median interval between transplantation and malignancy diagnosis was 27.2 months (range 12.3-54.8 months).
CONCLUSIONS: RTRs in South Korea demonstrated a high risk of malignancy after transplantation compared with the general population. This indicates that close surveillance and routine screening for cancer in RTRs are needed.
Keywords
DOI
10.1186/s12882-018-1110-3
PMID
30400877
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiation Oncology
Ajou Authors
노, 오규  |  오, 영택  |  전, 미선
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