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Mutational and phenotypic spectrum of OTOF-related auditory neuropathy in Koreans: eliciting reciprocal interaction between bench and clinics

Kim, BJ | Jang, JH  | Han, JH | Park, HR | Oh, DY | Lee, S | Kim, MY | Kim, AR | Lee, C | Kim, NKD | Park, WY | Choung, YH  | Choi, BY
Journal of translational medicine, 16(1). : 330-330, 2018
Journal Title
Journal of translational medicine
BACKGROUND: While auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is a heterogeneous disorder and its management quite varies depending upon the etiology, even including self-resolution, OTOF is an important molecular etiology of prelingual ANSD and has emerged as an attractive target for implementation of precision medicine in terms of timing and prognosis prediction of auditory rehabilitation. However, to date, the literature is lacking in the genotype-phenotype relationship of this gene as well as efficient molecular testing strategy in the clinic in many populations and to make things more complicated in Koreans, the most prevalent variant p.Arg1939Gln among Korean ANSD children frequently evaded detection by next generation sequencing (NGS), resulting in delayed genetic diagnosis and late cochlear implantation (CI). The aims of this study are to document the mutational and phenotypic spectrum of OTOF-related ANSD (DFNB9) in the Korean population, further establishing genotype-phenotype correlation and proposing a set of the most commonly found OTOF variants to be screened first.
METHODS: Genetic diagnosis through the NGS-based sequencing was made on patients with ANSD in two tertiary hospitals. Genotype and phenotypes of eleven DFNB9 patients were reviewed. For data analysis, Mann-Whitney test and Fisher's exact test were applied.
RESULTS: This study disclosed four prevalent variants in Koreans: p.Arg1939Gln with an allele frequency of 40.9%, p.Glu841Lys (13.6%), p.Leu1011Pro and p.Arg1856Trp (9.1%). Three novel variants (c.4227 + 5G > C, p.Gly1845Glu, and p.Pro1931Thr) were identified. Interestingly, a significant association of p.Arg1939Gln with worse ASSR thresholds was observed despite consistently no ABR response. Ten of 11 DFNB9 patients received CI for auditory rehabilitation, showing favorable outcomes with more rapid improvement on early-CI group (age at CI CONCLUSIONS: This study included the largest Korean DFNB9 cohort to date and proposed a set of the most frequent four OTOF variants, allowing the potential prioritization of exons during Sanger sequencing. Further, a significant association of p.Arg1939Gln homozygotes with poor residual hearing was observed. We may have to suspect p.Arg1939Gln homozygosity in cases of poor auditory thresholds in ANSD children with putative negative OTOF variants solely screened by NGS. Reciprocal feedback between bench and clinics regarding DFNB9 would complement each other.


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