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Characterization of human monoclonal autoantibody Fab fragments against oxidized LDL.

Authors
Jeon, YE; Seo, CW; Yu, ES; Lee, CJ; Park, SG; Jang, YJ
Citation
Molecular immunology, 44(5):827-836, 2007
Journal Title
Molecular immunology
ISSN
0161-58901872-9142
Abstract
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is a key autoantigen in atherosclerosis. The genetic structures and pathogenic roles of autoantibodies against this protein remain to be established. In this study, we cloned several monoclonal IgG autoantibody Fab fragments specific for oxLDL from peripheral blood lymphocytes of atherosclerosis patients, using phage display technology. The sequences of their variable regions were determined at the cDNA level. The closest germline counterparts for the heavy chains belonged to the V(H)3 or V(H)1 family. The sequences and lengths of complementarity-determining regions (CDR)3-V(H) were diverse, and frequent mutations of positively charged amino acids (particularly arginine) over entire V(H) and V(L) sequences were observed. It is proposed that anti-oxLDL autoantibody formation is driven by antigens. Among the Fabs, P2-8 and P3-175 bound to both MDA-LDL and Cu-oxLDL, and inhibited the uptake of oxLDL by macrophages, suggesting the epitope(s) recognized by the Fabs is a part of ligands on oxLDL that is involved in uptake by macrophage scavenger receptor. These human autoantibody Fabs require detailed investigation to ascertain their potential as agents for clinical applications.
MeSH terms
Amino Acid SequenceAnimalsAntibodies, Monoclonal/geneticsAntibodies, Monoclonal/immunology*Atherosclerosis/immunology*Autoantibodies/geneticsAutoantibodies/immunology*Autoantigens/immunologyCells, CulturedFemaleHumansImmunoglobulin Fab Fragments/geneticsImmunoglobulin Fab Fragments/immunology*Immunoglobulin G/geneticsImmunoglobulin G/immunology*Lipoproteins, LDL/immunology*Macrophages, Peritoneal/immunologyMalondialdehyde/analogs & derivativesMalondialdehyde/immunologyMiceMice, Inbred ICRMolecular Sequence Data
DOI
10.1016/j.molimm.2006.04.005
PMID
16793138
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Microbiology
AJOU Authors
이, 철주장, 영주
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