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The Association between Frequency of Social Contact and Frailty in Older People: Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)

Authors
Chon, D | Lee, Y  | Kim, J  | Lee, KE
Citation
Journal of Korean medical science, 33(51). : e332-e332, 2018
Journal Title
Journal of Korean medical science
ISSN
1011-89341598-6357
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The trend of aging society is occurring globally, and with it, one of the health problems that is emerging is frailty. Efforts are being made to account for the increasing prevalence of frailty, and various modifiable factors are being considered in regards to frailty. Because social contact has shown beneficial effects in terms of health in previous studies, it is increasingly being considered in relation to frailty. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of different types of social contact with frailty status.
METHODS: A total of 1,200 Korean elders aged 70-84 years old were included in the study. Using Fried's Cardiovascular Health Study index to categorize the frailty status, the relationship between frailty status and frequency of contact (i.e., with family members, friends, or neighbors) was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression accounting for confounders.
RESULTS: Adjusting for all covariates, frequency of contact with friends was the most statistically significant. Less frequent contact was associated with a significantly higher odds of pre-frailty: monthly (odds ratio [OR], 2.02: 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.27-3.20), and rarely (OR, 1.87: 95% CI, 1.17-2.99), with daily contact group as reference. Also, those contacting friends monthly (OR, 5.04: 95% CI, 2.29-11.08) or rarely (OR, 3.23: 95% CI, 1.58-6.61) were more likely to be frail compared to the daily group.
CONCLUSION: Frequency of social contact, especially with friends, is strongly associated with frailty.
Keywords
MeSH

DOI
10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e332
PMID
30546284
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
Ajou Authors
김, 진희  |  이, 윤환
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