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Relationship of body mass index and waist circumference with clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention

Authors
Lee, Y | Jin, U | Lee, WM | Lim, HS  | Lim, YH
Citation
PloS one, 13(12). : e0208817-e0208817, 2018
Journal Title
PloS one
ISSN
1932-6203
Abstract
BACKGROUND: A biphasic, U-shape relationship has been reported between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the relationship between waist circumference (WC) and the cardiovascular risk following PCI has not been reported.
METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed. A major adverse cardiac event (MACE) was defined as a composite of cardiac death (CD), nonfatal myocardial infarction (NFMI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR). Patients were evenly divided into 4 groups according to BMI (Q1BMI, Q2BMI, Q3BMI and Q4BMI) and WC (Q1WC, Q2WC, Q3WC and Q4WC).
RESULTS: A total of 1,421 patients were observed for 5 years. The risk of the composite events of CD and NFMI (CD/NFMI) was lower in the Q3WC and Q4WC groups than in the Q1WC group, whereas it was only marginally lower in the Q2BMI group than in the Q1BMI group (ANOVA, p = 0.062). The risk of MACE was highest in the Q1WC group and lowest in the Q3WC group: however, the risk of MACE did not differ among the 4 groups, according to BMI. Multivariate Cox-regression analyses showed that the risk of CD/NFMI gradually decreased with BMI (linear p = 0.030) and with WC (linear p = 0.015). The risks of TVR and MACEs that were driven by TVRs showed a distinguishing biphasic, U-shaped relationship with WC (nonlinear p = 0.009) but not with BMI (nonlinear p = 0.439). Landmark survival analysis showed that the incidences of CD and NFMI were higher in the lower BMI groups and lower WC groups than in the higher BMI groups and higher WC groups, respectively, until 1 year and did not differ afterward. In contrast, the incidence of MACE was highest in Q1WC and lowest in Q3WC (log-rank p = 0.003), whereas the incidence was not different among the groups according to BMI.
CONCLUSIONS: Both BMI and WC were associated with a lower risk of early episodes of CD and NFMI after PCI. In the late period after PCI, WC demonstrated a biphasic, U-shaped association between cardiovascular outcomes and adiposity, whereas BMI did not.
MeSH

DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0208817
PMID
30543687
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Cardiology
Ajou Authors
임, 홍석
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