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Defining sarcopenia in terms of skeletal health

Authors
Kim, JH | Hong, AR | Choi, HJ | Ku, EJ | Lee, JH | Cho, NH  | Shin, CS
Citation
Archives of osteoporosis, 13(1). : 100-100, 2018
Journal Title
Archives of osteoporosis
ISSN
1862-35221862-3514
Abstract
Among several sarcopenic indices, height-adjusted appendicular lean mass (ALM) in men and BMI-adjusted ALM in women are associated with fragility fracture. Handgrip strength is the risk factor for fragility fracture.
PURPOSE: Various sarcopenia definitions and cutoff points result in mixed skeletal health results. Here, we aimed to determine a suitable definition and elucidate the cutoff values of sarcopenic indices for identifying fracture risk in a community-dwelling Korean cohort.
METHODS: In an Ansung cohort study (2009-2010), we included 1201 men aged > 50 years and 1627 postmenopausal women with a median age of 64 years. Body composition and bone mineral density were derived on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Grip strength was measured using a hand dynamometer. Fragility fractures included the history of osteoporotic fractures using self-reported questionnaires.
RESULTS: Among appendicular lean mass (ALM)/body mass index (BMI), ALM/height(2), and ALM/weight, ALM/height(2) for men and ALM/BMI for women significantly predicted fragility fractures. On receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the cutoff values of ALM/height(2) in men and ALM/BMI in women were 7.69 kg/m(2), and 0.57, respectively. The optimal grip strength values were 31 kg in men and 19 kg in women. The odds ratios of low ALM/height(2) (95% confidence interval) and weak grip strength for fragility fracture were 1.95 (1.03-3.68) and 2.05 (1.01-4.18), respectively, in men after covariate adjustment. The combination of low ALM/height(2) and weak grip strength increased fragility fractures 2.16-fold in men. Only the combination of low ALM/BMI and grip strength increased the fracture risk by 1.76-fold in women.
CONCLUSIONS: In men, low ALM/height(2) or grip strength played a role in fragility fractures. In women, only the combination of low ALM/BMI and grip strength had discriminatory power for fragility fractures.
Keywords
MeSH

DOI
10.1007/s11657-018-0511-z
PMID
30238222
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
Ajou Authors
조, 남한
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