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Weaning of Veno-venous Bypass in Liver Transplantation: A Single Center Experience

Authors
Kim, HY  | Ko, JS | Joh, J | Lee, S | Kim, GS
Citation
Transplantation proceedings, 50(9). : 2657-2660, 2018
Journal Title
Transplantation proceedings
ISSN
0041-13451873-2623
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Veno-venous bypass (VVB) has been used in liver transplantation (LT) to minimize hemodynamic instability during caval anastomosis of anhepatic phase. With the introduction of the piggyback (PB) technique, which is a caval-sparing technique, the use of VVB progressively decreased over the world. The aim of this study was to introduce our experience using VVB with the focus on its weaning process.
METHODS: A total of 300 consecutive LT cases from May 1996 to November 2003 were examined. Except for pediatric LT, 242 LT cases were investigated to evaluate the trends in VVB use, surgical technique, the amount of transfusion requirements, and durations of operation and anhepatic phase.
RESULTS: For the early 100 LT cases, VVB was used in 97.5% of recipients, especially in all the recipients of deceased donor LT (DDLT). Then, the frequency of VVB use was decreased, and VVB was not used after the 268th recipient. In DDLT, the PB technique was first introduced in the 58th recipient and became a routine procedure of the DDLT since the 191th recipient. Living donor LT was increased, and the amount of transfusion requirement, duration of operation, and duration of anhepatic phase was reduced over time.
CONCLUSIONS: The increasing experience and sophisticated surgical and anesthetic techniques were important factors responsible for the weaning of VVB. The advancement of the PB technique used in living donor LT might be a main factor of its weaning.
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.03.075
PMID
30401371
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine
Ajou Authors
김, 하연
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