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Risk factors for septic adverse events and their impact on survival in advanced ovarian cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval debulking surgery

Son, JH  | Lee, JH | Jung, JA | Kong, TW  | Paek, J  | Chang, SJ  | Ryu, HS
Gynecologic oncology, 151(1). : 32-38, 2018
Journal Title
Gynecologic oncology
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze risk factors for septic complications during adjuvant chemotherapy and their impact on survival in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS).
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 69 patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer from 2004 to 2017. All patients underwent three cycles of NACT followed by IDS and adjuvant chemotherapy. We identified grade 3 or 4 hematologic complications and severe adverse events accompanied by neutropenia, including sepsis or septic shock, that occurred during treatment. Clinicopathologic data including demographic factors, preoperative medical conditions, surgical procedures, and survival times were evaluated.
RESULTS: Of 69 patients, 27 (39.1%), 6 (8.8%), and 2 (2.9%) patients experienced grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia, respectively, during NACT. Thirteen patients (18.8%) had a neutropenic fever with sepsis and 2 patients (2.9%) died of septic shock during adjuvant chemotherapy. Concurrent medical disease, splenectomy during IDS, and anemia or thrombocytopenia during NACT were significant risk factors for septic adverse events. In multivariate analysis, anemia (hemoglobin<8g/dL, p=0.004) during NACT was the only significant factor associated with septic adverse events during adjuvant chemotherapy. Although there was no significant difference in progression-free survival, overall survival was significantly shorter in patients with septic adverse events (median, 82.3 vs. 17.3months, p=0.007).
CONCLUSIONS: Grade 3 anemia during NACT may be an early indicator for septic adverse events during adjuvant chemotherapy. Considering the adverse impact on survival, scheme and dose of adjuvant chemotherapy should be tailored, and careful follow-up evaluation should be ensured in this patient group.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Obstetrics & Gynecology
Ajou Authors
공, 태욱  |  백, 지흠  |  손, 주혁  |  유, 희석  |  장, 석준
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