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The moderating effect of religiosity on caregiving burden and depressive symptoms in caregivers of patients with dementia

Authors
Yoon, KH | Moon, YS | Lee, Y  | Choi, SH | Moon, SY  | Seo, SW | Park, KW | Ku, BD | Han, HJ | Park, KH | Han, SH | Kim, EJ | Lee, JH | Park, SA | Shim, YS | Kim, JH | Hong, CH  | Na, DL | Ye, BS | Kim, HJ | Moon, Y | Lee, SS | Kim, DH | CARE (Caregivers of Alzheimer's Disease Research) Investigators
Citation
Aging & mental health, 22(1). : 141-147, 2018
Journal Title
Aging & mental health
ISSN
1360-78631364-6915
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether religiosity/spirituality has a protective role against negative caregiving outcomes, in a large multicenter nationwide sample of caregivers of patients with dementia in South Korea. Additionally, this study was the first to examine whether religiosity/spirituality could affect caregiving outcomes according to the various religious affiliations of caregivers.
METHODS: The study was conducted on a sample of 476 caregivers of patients with dementia participated in the Clinical Research Center for Dementia of South Korea (CREDOS). We examined the moderating effect of each of the three dimensions of religiosity/spirituality (organizational religious activity, ORA: non-organizational religious activity, NORA: intrinsic religiosity, IR) on the relationship between activities of daily living (ADL) of patients with dementia and caregiving burden and depressive symptoms of caregivers, using a series of hierarchical regression analyses. In addition, these analyses were conducted according to the religious affiliations of the caregivers.
RESULTS: ORA, NORA, and IR of religiosity/spirituality alleviated the effect of ADL of patients on caregiving burden. ORA and IR moderated the relationship between ADL of patients and depressive symptoms of caregivers. These moderating effects of religiosity on caregiving outcomes were different according to various religious groups.
CONCLUSION: We have identified religiosity/spirituality as a protective factor for caregivers of patients with dementia. The sub-dimensions of religiosity as moderators were different by religious affiliations of caregivers. Further studies are needed to investigate the specific religiosity-related factors which could positively impact the mental health of the caregivers of patients with dementia by religions.
Keywords
MeSH

DOI
10.1080/13607863.2016.1232366
PMID
27661263
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences
Ajou Authors
문, 소영  |  이, 윤환  |  홍, 창형
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