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Gastrointestinal Gas and Abdominal Fat Quantity Measured by Three-Dimensional Abdominal Computed Tomography in Patients with Functional Bloating

Other Title
기능성 팽만감 환자에서 복부 컴퓨터단층촬영으로 측정한 위장관 가스와 지방량
Authors
Lee, HS; Kim, JK; Sun, JS; Lee, KJ
Citation
The Korean journal of gastroenterology, 71(6):324-331, 2018
Journal Title
The Korean journal of gastroenterology; Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
ISSN
1598-99922233-6869
Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess whether increased intestinal gas or fat content in the abdominal cavity is related to abdominal bloating, using three-dimensional abdominal computed tomography scan.
METHODS: Twenty-nine healthy individuals without abdominal bloating and organic disease (15 women: mean age, 49 years: range of age, 23-73 years) and 30 patients with chronic recurrent abdominal bloating-diagnosed with functional bloating (10 women: mean age, 53 years: range of age, 35-75 years) - participated in this study. The mean values of measured parameters were compared using independent sample t-test.
RESULTS: The mean volume of total colon gas in bloated patients was similar to that in control subjects. The distribution of intra-abdominal gas was also similar between the two groups. However, the amount of gas in the transverse colon tended to be significantly higher in patients with bloating than in controls (p=0.06). Body mass index was similar between the two groups (23.4+/-3.2 kg/m(2) and 22.3+/-3.1 kg/m(2), respectively). Moreover, no significant differences with respect to circumferential area, subcutaneous fat, visceral fat area, and total fat area were found between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Bloating might not just be the result of gastrointestinal gas or intra-abdominal fat. Other contributing factors, such as localized abnormality in gas distribution and visceral hypersensitivity, may be involved.
Keywords
Abdominal fatGastrointestinal contentsGas bloat syndromeMultidetector computed tomographyIrritable bowel syndrome
MeSH terms
Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imagingAbdominal Fat/physiology*AdultAgedBody Mass IndexCase-Control StudiesFemaleGases/analysisHumansMaleMiddle AgedPostoperative Complications/diagnosis*Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imagingRecurrenceTomography, X-Ray Computed*Young Adult
DOI
10.4166/kjg.2018.71.6.324
PMID
29943559
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
AJOU Authors
김, 재근선, 주성이, 광재
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