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Sizable Scaffold-Free Tissue-Engineered Articular Cartilage Construct for Cartilage Defect Repair

Authors
Park, IS  | Jin, RL | Oh, HJ | Truong, MD  | Choi, BH | Park, SH | Park, DY  | Min, BH
Citation
Artificial organs, 43(3). : 278-287, 2019
Journal Title
Artificial organs
ISSN
0160-564X1525-1594
Abstract
This study introduces an implantable scaffold-free cartilage tissue construct (SF) that is composed of chondrocytes and their self-produced extracellular matrix (ECM). Chondrocytes were grown in vitro for up to 5 weeks and subjected to various assays at different time points (1, 7, 21, and 35 days). For in vivo implantation, full-thickness defects (n = 5) were manually created on the trochlear groove of the both knees of rabbits (16-week old) and 3 week-cultured SF construct was implanted as an allograft for a month. The left knee defects were implanted with 1, 7, and 21 days in vitro cultured scaffold-free engineered cartilages. (group 2, 3, and 4, respectively). The maturity of the engineered cartilages was evaluated by histological, chemical and mechanical assays. The repair of damaged cartilages was also evaluated by gross images and histological observations at 4, 8, and 12 weeks postsurgery. Although defect of groups 1, 2, and 3 were repaired with fibrocartilage tissues, group 4 (21 days) showed hyaline cartilage in the histological observation. In particular, mature matrix and columnar organization of chondrocytes and highly expressed type II collagen were observed only in 21 days in vitro cultured SF cartilage (group 4) at 12 weeks. As a conclusion, cartilage repair with maturation was recapitulated when implanted the 21 day in vitro cultured scaffold-free engineered cartilage. When implanting tissue-engineered cartilage, the maturity of the cartilage tissue along with the cultivation period can affect the cartilage repair.
Keywords
MeSH

DOI
10.1111/aor.13329
PMID
30374978
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > Research Organization > Cell Therapy Center
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Orthopedic Surgery
Ajou Authors
Truong, Minh Dung  |  민, 병현  |  박, 도영  |  박, 인수
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