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The Effect of Hospital Case Volume on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Multi-institutional Retrospective Analysis (KROG-1106)

Authors
Ha, B | Cho, KH | Moon, SH | Lee, CG | Keum, KC | Kim, YS | Wu, HG | Kim, JH | Ahn, YC | Oh, D | Noh, JM | Lee, JH | Kim, SH | Kim, WT | Oh, YT  | Kang, MK | Kim, JH | Kim, JY | Cho, MJ | Kay, CS | Choi, JH
Citation
Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association, 51(1). : 12-23, 2019
Journal Title
Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association
ISSN
1598-29982005-9256
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hospital case volume on clinical outcomes in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on 1,073 patients with cT1-4N0-3M0 NPC were collected from a multi-institutional retrospective database (KROG 11-06). All patients received definitive radiotherapy (RT) either with three-dimensional-conformal RT (3D-CRT) (n=576) or intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) (n=497). The patients were divided into two groups treated at high volume institution (HVI) (n=750) and low volume institution (LVI) (n=323), defined as patient volume >/= 10 (median, 13: range, 10 to 18) and < 10 patients per year (median, 3: range, 2 to 6), respectively. Endpoints were overall survival (OS) and loco-regional progression-free survival (LRPFS).
RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 56.7 months, the outcomes were significantly better in those treated at HVI than at LVI. For the 614 patients of propensity score-matched cohort, 5-year OS and LRPFS were consistently higher in the HVI group than in the LVI group (OS: 78.4% vs. 62.7%, p < 0.001: LRPFS: 86.2% vs. 65.8%, p < 0.001, respectively). According to RT modality, significant difference in 5-year OS was observed in patients receiving 3D-CRT (78.7% for HVI vs. 58.9% for LVI, p < 0.001) and not in those receiving IMRT (77.3% for HVI vs. 75.5% for LVI, p=0.170).
CONCLUSION: A significant relationship was observed between HVI and LVI for the clinical outcomes of patients with NPC. However, the difference in outcome becomes insignificant in the IMRT era, probably due to the standardization of practice by education.
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DOI
10.4143/crt.2017.273
PMID
29397658
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Radiation Oncology
Ajou Authors
오, 영택
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