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Minimum Standardized Uptake Value from Quantitative Bone Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography for Evaluation of Femoral Head Viability in Patients with Femoral Neck Fracture

Ryoo, HG | Lee, WW | Kim, JY | Kong, E | Choi, WH | Yoon, JK  | K-SPECT Group
Nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 53(4). : 287-295, 2019
Journal Title
Nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
PURPOSE: Bone single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) has been widely used for evaluation of femoral head viability in patients with femoral neck fracture. The current study aimed to investigate utility of standardized uptake value (SUV) from quantitative bone SPECT/CT for assessment of femoral head viability.
METHODS: From March 2015 to November 2018, quantitative bone SPECT/CT was performed in 9 patients with non-viable femoral head post femoral neck fracture and in 31 controls. Maximum (SUVmax), mean (SUVmean), and minimum standardized uptake values (SUVmin) were measured over femoral head and neck. Mann-Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction was used to compare SUVs of ipsilateral and contralateral femurs from femoral neck fracture patients with those of control femurs.
RESULTS: As for femoral head viability, SUVmax and SUVmean were not significantly decreased in non-viable femoral heads compared to those in controls. Only the SUVmin was significantly reduced in non-viable femoral heads (mean +/- standard deviation, 0.57 +/- 0.38) than in controls (0.95 +/- 0.26, p = 0.006) and contralateral femoral heads (1.36 +/- 0.59, p = 0.008). The cutoff SUVmin of 0.61 (g/mL) yielded a sensitivity of 77.8% and specificity of 87.1% for detection of non-viable femoral heads (p = 0.006). Contralateral femoral necks of the femoral neck fracture patients showed significantly higher SUVmean and SUVmin (3.17 +/- 1.20 and 1.64 +/- 0.63) than those of controls (2.32 +/- 0.53 and 1.04 +/- 0.27: p = 0.021 and p = 0.002, respectively), which seemed to reflect weight bearing effect or metabolic derangement.
CONCLUSIONS: The non-viable femoral heads from the femoral neck fracture showed significantly reduced SUVmin. Quantitative bone SPECT/CT holds promise for objective evaluation of femoral head viability.

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