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Identification of clinical characteristics and factors predicting favorable treatment outcomes in elderly patients with traumatic brain injury

Authors
Choi, MS | Jeong, D | You, N  | Roh, TH  | Kim, SH
Citation
Journal of clinical neuroscience, 69. : 61-66, 2019
Journal Title
Journal of clinical neuroscience
ISSN
0967-58681532-2653
Abstract
Age is an important prognostic factor for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and worse treatment outcomes have been reported in elderly patients. Therefore, proper treatment is needed for the increasing number of elderly patients with TBI. We aimed to analyze predictive factors of favorable treatment outcomes (FTO) in elderly patients. Clinical and radiological data from 493 patients with TBI who visited a single institute were retrospectively collected from January 2014 to December 2015. We compared the characteristics of the elderly group (individuals above 65years) and younger group (16-65years). We analyzed the characteristics and outcomes in both groups and the factors related to the Glasgow outcome scale-extended score at 6months after injury in 170 elderly patients. The treatment outcomes were dichotomized into favorable and unfavorable groups. In the elderly group, the proportion of female patients and the incidence of subdural hemorrhage (SDH) were higher than in the younger group. Among the 170 elderly patients, 62 had pure SDH, and 21 of the 62 with pure SDH had undergone surgical treatment. Compared with other types of intracranial hemorrhage, FTO was as high as 85.5%, and mortality was as low as 11.3% in patients with pure SDH. High initial Glasgow coma scale score, low injury severity score, and normal pupillary reflex were significantly related to FTO in multivariate analysis. Therefore, active therapeutic strategies, including surgery should be considered for elderly patients with pure SDH without intra-parenchymal injury.
Keywords
MeSH

DOI
10.1016/j.jocn.2019.08.035
PMID
31451377
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurosurgery
Ajou Authors
김, 세혁  |  노, 태훈  |  유, 남규
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