Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 141. : 17-23, 2019
Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids
Identification of the characterization of cysteinyl leukotrienes receptor (CysLTRs) could facilitate our understanding of these receptors' role in asthma. We aimed to investigate the localization and interactions of CysLTRs using a mouse model of asthma. BALB/c mice were administered ovalbumin (OVA) to induce allergic asthma. Some mice were administered the antagonists of CysLTR1, CysLTR2, and purinergic receptor P2Y12 (P2Y12R) (montelukast, HAMI 3379 and clopidogrel, respectively). The expression levels of CysLTR1, CysLTR2, and P2Y12R on lung tissues and inflammatory cells were evaluated by western blot, flow cytometry, and immunochemistry. CysLTR1 and P2Y12R were significantly up-regulated in lung tissues (P<0.05 for each) from mouse after being sensitized and challenged with OVA (OVA/OVA). The ratio of CysLTR1: CysLTR2: P2Y12R in lungs of negative control (NC) mice was shifted from 1:0.43:0.35 to 1:0.65:1.34 in OVA/OVA mice. Montelukast significantly diminished the up-regulation of CysLTR1, CysLTR2, and P2Y12R (P<0.05 for each), while the effects of HAMI 3379 and clopidogrel were predominant on the expression of CysLTR2 and P2Y12R, respectively. Montelukast predominantly diminished the cell count, while clopidogrel potently inhibited the release of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Our study demonstrated the interactions between CysLTRs, thereby highlighting the potential synergistic effects of CysLTR antagonists in asthma treatment.
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