An intracellular antibody can suppress tumorigenicity in hepatitis B virus X-expressing cells.
Jin, YH; Kwon, MH; Kim, K; Shin, HJ; Shin, JS; Cho, H; Park, S
Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII, 55(5):569-578, 2006
Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
Although the hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) is thought to play a causative role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, it is not yet known whether interfering with HBx function may affect the cellular transformation of HBx-expressing tumor cells. To address this question, we adopted an intracellular antibody fragment expression approach to block the function of HBx. Expression of a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) specific to HBx (designated as H7scFv) inhibited HBx-dependent cellular transactivation. Furthermore, H7scFv suppressed the growth of HBx-expressing tumor cells in both soft agar and nude mice. The suppressive effect of H7scFv on tumorigenicity appeared not to be mediated by inhibition of HBx-induced growth stimulation since the growth rate of these cells was not affected significantly by H7scFv expression. In conclusion, these data suggest that the HBx-dependent transformed phenotype is reversible and that HBx may be a good molecular target for the treatment of HBV-related tumors.
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