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Clinicopathologic parameters associated with the FDG-avidity in staging of early gastric cancer using 18F-FDG PET

Authors
Yoon, JK  | Byun, C | Jo, KS | Hur, H  | Lee, KM  | Lim, SK  | Lee, D  | Lee, SJ  | An, YS  | Han, SU
Citation
Medicine, 98(31). : e16690-e16690, 2019
Journal Title
Medicine
ISSN
0025-79741536-5964
Abstract
This study investigated the clinicopathologic factors associated with 2-[F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-FDG) uptake of early gastric cancer (EGC) and used them to design a clinical scoring method to predict FDG-avidity of EGC.Two hundred twenty-nine retrospectively enrolled patients underwent preoperative F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). Histologic information was obtained by gastrectomy (n = 195) or endoscopic mucosal dissection (n = 34). The association between clinicopathologic factors and F-FDG uptake by the primary tumor was determined. The results were used to develop a clinical scoring method.F-FDG uptake was detected in 49 (17.5%) patients. According to univariate analysis, location, gross type, World Health Organization classification, Lauren classification, size, depth of invasion, and lymphatic invasion were significant variables affecting F-FDG uptake (all P < .05). According to multivariate analysis, location (lower 3rd, P = .035), gross type (0-I, 0-IIa, P < .001), size (>/=2.5 cm, P = .026), and depth of invasion (submucosa, P = .007) were significantly associated with FDG-avidity. A clinical scoring system, ranged from 0 to 4, was developed by giving one score to 4 independent variables. A cut-off value of 2.5 showed good prediction of FDG-avidity in EGCs, with a sensitivity and specificity of 65.0% and 85.2%, respectively.F-FDG uptake by EGC depends on location, gross type, size, and depth of invasion of the primary tumor. A clinical scoring system based on clinicopathologic variables can predict the FDG-avidity of primary tumors in patients with EGC.
Keywords
MeSH

DOI
10.1097/MD.0000000000016690
PMID
31374056
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Surgery
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Gastroenterology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pathology
Ajou Authors
안, 영실  |  윤, 준기  |  이, 기명  |  이, 다근  |  이, 수진  |  임, 선교  |  한, 상욱  |  허, 훈
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