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Elderly Mortality and Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone

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dc.contributor.authorJung, EJ-
dc.contributor.authorNa, W-
dc.contributor.authorLee, KE-
dc.contributor.authorJang, JY-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: The effects on particulate matter (PM) and ozone on health are being reported by a number of studies. The effects of these air pollutants are likely to be stronger in the elderly population, but studies in this regard are scarce. The purpose of this study was to study the effects of PM METHODS: In order to analyze the health status of the elderly population, National Statistical Office Mortality records were used. In this study, we calculated the number of deaths in Seoul of people who were 60 years or older between 2002 and 2012. The current study analyzed each disorder separately and the lag effect. PM and ozone were analyzed using the single exposure model, as well as the adjusted multi exposure model.
RESULTS: In the single exposure analysis with PM2.5 as the exposure variable, with the increase of 10 mu/m(3), the number of deaths increased by 1.0039 fold, and vascular disease 1.0053 fold. In the multi exposure model adjusting for ozone, the number of deaths increased by 1.0037 fold, and vascular disease 1.0049 fold. In the single exposure analysis with ozone as the exposure variable, with the increase of 10 ppb, the number of deaths increased by 1.0038 fold, and in the multi exposure model adjusting for PM2.5, the number of deaths increased by 1.0027 fold. These results differed depending on the period or season. There was a 5-day lag effect between PM2.5 and deaths in the multi exposure model, and 1.0028 fold when adjusted for ozone. There was a 1-day lag effect in single exposure models with ozone as the main variable, and 1.0027 fold increase in deaths.
CONCLUSION: In our study, an increase in the number of deaths in the elderly population in accordance with the increase in the PM2.5 and ozone was found. The association found in our study could also influence socioeconomic burden. Future studies need to be performed in regards to younger population, as well as other air pollutants.
dc.subject.MESHAir Pollutants / analysis-
dc.subject.MESHAir Pollutants / toxicity-
dc.subject.MESHDatabases, Factual-
dc.subject.MESHEnvironmental Exposure-
dc.subject.MESHHeart Diseases / diagnosis-
dc.subject.MESHHeart Diseases / etiology-
dc.subject.MESHHeart Diseases / mortality-
dc.subject.MESHLung Diseases / diagnosis-
dc.subject.MESHLung Diseases / etiology-
dc.subject.MESHLung Diseases / mortality-
dc.subject.MESHMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.MESHOzone / analysis-
dc.subject.MESHOzone / toxicity-
dc.subject.MESHParticulate Matter / analysis-
dc.subject.MESHParticulate Matter / toxicity-
dc.titleElderly Mortality and Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone-
dc.subject.keywordDisease Subgroups-
dc.subject.keywordFine Particulate Matter-
dc.contributor.affiliatedAuthorJang, JY-
dc.type.localJournal Papers-
dc.citation.titleJournal of Korean medical science-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationJournal of Korean medical science, 34(48). : e311-e311, 2019-
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Preventive Medicine & Public Health
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