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Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of beta-Amyloid 40 and beta-Amyloid 42 are Proportionately Decreased in Amyloid Positron-Emission Tomography Negative Idiopathic Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus Patients

Authors
Kim, HJ | Lim, TS | Lee, SM  | Kim, TS | Kim, Y | An, YS  | Youn, YC | Park, SA  | Chang, J  | Moon, SY
Citation
Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea), 15(3). : 353-359, 2019
Journal Title
Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
ISSN
1738-65862005-5013
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) could be misleading in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). We therefore investigated the CSF biomarkers in 18F-florbetaben amyloid-negative positron-emission tomography (PET) [amyloid PET(-)] iNPH, amyloid-positive PET [amyloid PET(+)] AD, and cognitively normal (CN) subjects.
METHODS: Ten amyloid PET(+) AD patients (56.7+/-5.6 years old, mean+/-standard deviation), 10 amyloid PET(-) iNPH patients (72.8+/-4.5 years old), and 8 CN subjects (61.2+/-6.5 years old) were included. We measured the levels of beta-amyloid (Abeta)40, Abeta42, total tau (t-tau) protein, and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) protein in the CSF using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.
RESULTS: The level of Abeta42 and the Abeta42/Abeta40 ratio in the CSF were significantly lower in AD than in iNPH or CN subjects. The Abeta40 level did not differ significantly between AD and iNPH (p=1.000), but it did between AD and CN subjects (p=0.032). The levels of both t-tau and p-tau were higher in AD than in iNPH or CN subjects. The levels of Abeta42, Abeta40, t-tau, and p-tau were lower in iNPH than in CN subjects, but there was no significant difference after controlling for age.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the mechanism underlying low CSF Abeta levels differs between amyloid PET(-) iNPH and amyloid PET(+) AD subjects. The lower levels of all CSF biomarkers in iNPH patients might be due to reduced clearances from extracellular fluid and decreased brain metabolism of the periventricular zone in iNPH resulting from glymphatic dysfunction.
Keywords

DOI
10.3988/jcn.2019.15.3.353
PMID
31286708
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Neurology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Anatomy
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Brain Science
Ajou Authors
문, 소영  |  박, 선아  |  안, 영실  |  이, 선민  |  장, 재락
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