BACKGROUND: Toluene diisocyanate (TDI), a widely used aromatic diisocyanate with the potential to cause asthma, reacts with albumin in the airway fluid, which acts as a carrier protein for chemical presentation to the immune system. Structural elucidation of TDI-albumin conjugates is crucial to understanding the human immune response to TDI exposure.
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the dependence of TDI's antigenicity on the biophysics of exposure and its association with TDI asthma.
METHODS: Toluene diisocyanate-albumin conjugates were generated by exposing albumin to TDI in liquid or vapor phase (liquid or vapor TDI-albumin, respectively). Conjugates were characterized by native gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry, and used as antigens in ELISA assays for serum specific-IgE and IgG.
RESULTS: The physical phase of TDI (vapor vs liquid) affects the formation of TDI-albumin conjugates, with measurable differences in the amount of TDI per albumin molecule, migration in native gels, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry mass/charge spectra, and antigenicity. Vapor TDI-albumin conjugates were recognized by IgE from 44% of subjects with TDI asthma, whereas liquid TDI-albumin conjugates are recognized by IgE from only 17% of these patients. A significant (P < .05) association between TDI exposure and vapor TDI-albumin specific serum IgG was also observed.
CONCLUSION: Biophysics of TDI exposure substantially affects formation of TDI-albumin conjugates recognized by the immune system in association with exposure and asthma.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The data suggest that serology may help identify TDI asthmatics and exposed workers if the appropriate form of TDI is used as the antigenic basis for analysis.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :7,589,555
Total Download :3,230,077
Today View :1,198
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.